Saturday, 22 July 2017

Sparta: The first National Socialist state

"The basic ideas of the National-Socialist movement are populist (völkisch) and the populist (völkisch) ideas are National-Socialist."
“Sparta must be regarded as the first völkisch state.'' - Hitler

Ancient Sparta is one of the few historical examples that individualism was considered secondary to the common racial good. 
The greatest virtue of a citizen of ancient Sparta was his willing sacrifice for the defence and salvation of his homeland, and his attitude to death was proportional to the education and mentality he had acquired throughout his life.

"Man shall be trained for war, and woman for the recreation of the warrior; all else is folly." - Nietzsche

The greatest honour for a man was to be killed on the battlefield and for a woman to lose her life during childbirth. Thus, both had fulfilled the ultimate purpose of their existence, which for a man was to be a good soldier and for a woman to be a mother of good and brave warriors.

The term city-state can not entirely accurately reflect what ancient Sparta really was. Sparta is the only city of the entire ancient Hellenic world, from Marseilles to Panticapaeum, that can be best described by the term "city-camp". It was vital, moreover, to have the full support of the army, since Sparta was forced to be in constant vigilance and constant military alarm because of the number of risks it faced, namely a possible uprising of the Helots, especially the Messinians, who hated the Dorian Spartan conquerors and often rebelled.

The Spartan army gradually evolved into an irresistible army, with its survival in a generally hostile environment and the rapid course of its conquest, confirmed that it was a force of elite warriors. Thanks to the political figure Lycurgus, Sparta was reorganized and further strengthened in political, economic and military terms, laying the foundations for "Spartan education" and consequently its undefeated army.
In 400 BC, at the time of its peak, 8 thousand Spartan warriors dictated their will to three to four million Greeks, while no warrior of ancient times was able to reach the level of the Spartan Hoplite. His military training, readiness and endurance, both physical and mental, were unrivalled, as did his psychology, defying death.

Of course, the achievement of this superiority of the Spartan troops contributed to his adversaries, who until 480 BC it is speculated that they were exclusively Hellenic hoplites, the best of combat potential of the then-known world. Despite the high level of organization, education and tactics of the other Hellenic armies, it was impossible for them to defeat the Spartan soldiers, for about three hundred years of armed war. Besides, it is not at all accidental that when their enemies were facing them they did not think they were fighting mortal men but the immortal idea of ​​undefeated Sparta.
Undoubtedly, the Spartan army was the ultimate model of bravery and self-denial. It was the most formidable "war machine" of the ancient world, which, with its incredible discipline and education, had been doing well for centuries to cover its biggest and most basic problem, which was having a small population in comparison to other Hellenic city state of foreign empires.

Thus despite the fact that Sparta was a city-state with one of the smallest populations in ancient Hellas, was at one stage by far the strongest city-state in ancient Hellas, due to it's militarism and putting the common good of the race, first.

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